• How to Prepare to Paint a Room

     

    This is a longer video, but I chose it because it covers everything you may need to get started painting a room.  Especially if you have wallpaper in a room that you now want to go to paint.  Very detailed instructions to remove wall paper.  I know in the past, I just painted over it to save some time.  I know that isn’t the right thing to do, but it actually gave the paint a good texture.  In the future though, I will take Maureen’s advice in removing it first.

    Painting can be fun when you have help to do it.  The very first thing that Mike says here is that painting is 99% preparation…and boy is he right.  The inspiration he talks about too is so true.  Once I get an inspiration to paint a room in my home, I always forget about the 99% preperation.  That is never the fun part, but needs to be done if you want to save yourself some time and money in the long run.

    Maureen talks about Primer first.  If you have extra money to spend on paint, they do have paint with primer already in it where you are supposed to be able to completely cover a room in just one coat.  That is something else to keep in mind.

    Transcription:

    Male: Hi. I’m Mike Kraft. You know, Thomas Edison once said that genius is 1% inspiration and 99% perspiration. I like to say that painting is 99% preparation. Prepping your walls is the single most important step before painting. Follow these tips from Lowe’s to ensure that your painting efforts are beautiful and long lasting. These walls need a new look, but before we start painting, we have to prep our room and to help us with that is our professional painter. Maureen Davis. Hi Maureen.

    Female: Hi Mike.

    Male: Hi Maureen. What supplies do we need to get started?

    Female: To protect surfaces, you’ll need plastic and canvas drop cloths, newspapers, painter’s tape, plastic bags, and a screwdriver for removing electrical plates.

    Male: Lowe’s has all the materials you’ll need for your project. Remember when doing any home improvement project, always follow the manufacturer’s directions. If you’re not sure about working with any of these products, contact a professional painter. All right Maureen, why don’t you lead us through these steps?

    Female: Our first step is to protect the surfaces that you won’t want painted, starting with your furniture. Most of the furniture can be moved out of the room like we’ve done here. Your heavy furniture can be moved to the center of the room and you can cover it and any counter tops in the room with plastic. Don’t use plastic to cover the floor because it can be very slippery and dangerous. Use your canvas drop cloths instead. To protect your woodwork or your edges, you want to apply painter’s tape. Painter’s tape is usually blue or brown rather than a typical cream color. A word of caution on painter’s tape, if you leave it on too long, it can damage the surface underneath.
    Sometimes paint will creep underneath that tape, but those spots can be easily touched up later. Use painter’s tape and newspapers to help protect your baseboards from splatter. For doorknobs or drawer handles, use a plastic bag with painter’s tape. It’s easiest to remove all your electrical plates, your switch plates, and your cable jack plates. Then cover the outlets with tape. When you’re doing a painting project, always properly ventilate the room. Throw open a window and even use a fan to help circulate fresh air into your room. The next step is to remove any wallpaper. The supplies for removing wallpaper are a scoring tool, a new spray bottle, chemical wallpaper remover, a steamer, a five in one tool, and heavy duty garbage bags.

    The cleaning supplies you’ll need is trisodium phosphate or TSP, sponges, buckets, and water. Don’t forget the goggles and rubber gloves. This process is messy and you will definitely get water on your floor, so make sure that you have securely taped off all your baseboards and your floor is entirely covered. Using the scoring tool, slice the wallpaper. This will allow the wallpaper remover to penetrate the paper more effectively. For wallpaper that’s been painted over, slice and puncture as much of that paper as possible. There are two basic removal methods. The first method is to fill a spray bottle with chemical wallpaper remover following the manufacturer’s instructions for mixing. Do not use an old garden spray bottle because it could contain chemical residue.

    Spray the wall and then wait the recommended amount of time that the manufacturer says before you begin scraping off the paper with your putty knife. The second removal method is to use a steamer. Follow the instructions carefully. These steamers generate hot water, so rubber gloves and goggles are necessary. Working a small area at a time, hold the steamer against the paper. Once you’ve softened the paper, you can remove it with a putty knife. Try not to gouge the wall, but if you do, you can repair the wall with joint compound later and we’ll show you how. Another important note, do not get wallpaper scraps on the floor or carpet. They stick to everything. Put the scraps directly into heavy duty garbage bags.

    The paper is off, but there stillmight be some adhesive on the walls and you’ll need to remove that too. Fill a bucket with some water and some trisodium phosphate or TSP, following the manufacturer’s instructions. Apply the mixture to the walls. TSP will remove the glue, but always wear rubber gloves when you’re working with TSP. If there is any residual adhesive, use a scraper to remove the glue. You can also use TSP on painted kitchen walls and ceilings to help remove grease buildup. Then rinse the walls with hot water and let them dry thoroughly.

    Male: This is just plain fresh water?

    Female: Just plain hot water. Next, repair any cracks or holes in the walls or ceilings. To patch holes, you may need safety glasses and a dust mask, your five in one tool or a putty knife, joint compound or spackling, fine grit sandpaper, a brush or vacuum with a brush attachment, buckets, and hot water. Wear safety glasses and a dust mask. Use a putty knife to remove any chips or flakes. Clean the crack with a brush or vacuum. Wash the surface with TSP. Rinse with hot water. Let the area dry thoroughly. Using a putty knife, fill the crack with a light weight joint compound, spreading the filler past the edges of the crack. Some jobs may need more than one application of filler.

    Once the compound is dry, sand it with fine grit sandpaper. Use drywall repair techniques for larger holes. Again, clean the patch with TSP and water, rinse the area, and let it dry before priming. Once the walls are repaired, turn your attention to the molding. To prep molding, the materials you may need are sandpaper or a sanding sponge, a vacuum with a brush attachment, wood filler, and your cleaning supplies. This involves more detailed work. Use fine grit sandpaper or a sanding sponge to sand small crevices. Then remove hard to reach dust with a vacuum. Using a putty knife, fill in dents and rebuild chipped corners with wood filler.

    Use spackle on scratches and small cracks. Finish the repair the same way as repairing wall surfaces. Now that we’ve repaired the holes, it’s time to prime. The priming supplies usually include primer, and that includes latex, new construction, or special adhesion primers, paint brushes, roller frame and roller covers, roller pans with liners, and an extension pole for ceilings, a fan for circulation, rubbing alcohol, and cotton swabs, and again safety glasses and a painter’s hat. You’ll apply primer the same way that you would apply paint.

    Male: If you want some tips on painting techniques, watch Basic Latex Painting Techniques at lowes.com/videos. We show you how to properly cover any surface.

    Female: Generally when priming, you’re going to start with the woodwork. Use a paint brush to prime small areas and for bare woodwork, use latex primer designed for stain blocking and filling surfaces. On previously painted woodwork, spot prime any newly repaired areas.

    Male: What about painting walls and ceilings?

    Female: If you’re working with new construction, you should always use gypsum board primer. For clean previously painted walls that have a flat surface sheen, you can apply paint without any primer. However, if it’s latex going over oil-based paint, you’ll need to prime with this special adhesion primer.

    Male: How can you tell if your walls are painted with oil or latex?
    Female: When you test for oil base paint, you’ll wet a cotton swab with rubbing alcohol and rub it against your wall. If the paint comes off, it’s latex based paint. There are special steps to take when prepping glossy surfaces.

    Oftentimes, trim is painted with a gloss finish, so begin by sanding the surface with fine grit sandpaper to knock the gloss off. Scuffing helps paint adhere to the surface. Make sure the surface is dust free with a vacuum or brush. Then wash the surface with TSP and water. The final step is to apply primer designed specifically for glossy surfaces. Now we’re ready for our first coat of paint.

    Male: Great. Thanks Maureen. If you want to learn how to apply that first coat of paint or how to choose paint colors, watch the other painting videos at lowes.com/videos.

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